The conference "Vulnerability of the Mediterranean soils to water erosion: state of knowledge and adaptation strategies in the face of global change" will be held on 20 - 21 November 2018 in Morocco, Hassan II Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine, campus of Rabat.
The general objective of this conference is to review the present state of knowledge on the vulnerability of the Mediterranean soil in the face of water erosion, discuss the principal tracks of adaptation in the face of global change, provide active dissemination of its results and promote collaborations between North-South and South-South researchers.
Water erosion of soils is a major handicap for the development of rural areas and the conservation of the natural environment in the Mediterranean basin. It is regarded as the principal cause of soil degradation. Water erosion results from the synergistic effects of the natural conditions and the inappropriate anthropogenic activities. It degrades the ecosystem services secured by soils because of multiple negative effects like the loss of soil fertility and thus their productivity, particularly upstream of the catchment areas, the decrease of arable land potential, and the exacerbation of silting in dam reservoirs or the deterioration of water quality. Titanic efforts were and are always made by the governments of these countries to protect the land and the watersheds against this degradation. Nevertheless, the areas affected by water erosion continue to increase and the reservoirs continue to silt up. This converging trend could develop in the future since the changes in land use and climate awaited during the 21st century are likely to speed up the process of degradation and soil erosion. Projections of the various scenarios RCP du GIEC show that the Mediterranean basin, as the rest of the world, will undergo changes in the patterns of precipitations and temperatures: alteration of the seasonality of the precipitation pattern, decrease of the annual rainfall accompanied with an increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme hydrometeorological phenomena such as the drought and the floods. These effects will have a significant impact on the degradation of soil and water resources and thus on the development of these countries and their food security. Confronted to the extension of this phenomenon, the Mediterranean countries in general, and those of the South in particular, are in dire need to increase their research efforts and exchange of experts for a better understanding of water erosion processes and the valuation its consequences. Furthermore, they are needy for developing effective prognostic methods (modeling) and soil conservation and adaptation programs that fit the global change. In that sense, the respective governments of these countries implemented several projects. The learning from these efforts by sharing research and land development experiences would allow, on one hand, to improving the effectiveness of the public actions in the sustainable management of natural resources (soil and water) and on the other hand, to ensuring food security and sustainability of these countries and thus a more stable and secure Mediterranean region by limiting poverty. In this vision, a group of French-Moroccan researchers initiated in 2011 a JEAI program (Jeune Équipe Associée à l’IRD) "Vecteur" working on "the vulnerability of soils to water erosion". Since, it evolved and was extended to other research teams via international projects such as the Arimnet2 project “MASCC” to encompass in 2017 a broader space of the Mediterranean region: Tunisia, Morocco, Portugal, Spain and Italy.
The conference will bring together researchers, trainers, development agents, decision makers, funding agencies and agents of international cooperation of the southern and northern countries of the Mediterranean region. It falls under the direct contribution to the Objectives of Sustainable Development (2. Food safety; 6. Water resources and 13. Fight against the CC).
This colloquium will be structured in to the following generic axis (the list of topics by axis is not exhaustive):
Abdellah Laouina is a Professor of Physical Geography at Mohammed V University of Rabat and holds the UNESCO-GN Chair in Environmental Management and Sustainable Development. He has worked on soil science, land degradation and water and soil conservation, using naturalistic techniques and social science methods. He has led numerous research projects and collaborated on several projects. He has also performed many studies on the environment, natural resources and climate change on behalf of the Spatial Planning, the HDR50, the High Commission for Planning, and the IRES. He has published and co-published several books on these themes, in partnership with various authors. He has also published several articles in national and foreign scientific journals.
Dr. René Roy holds a PhD in Water Sciences from the ‘Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS-ETE)’. He currently holds the position of the Scientific Program Director at Ouranos, after having coordinated the Energy Resources program. M. Roy has made a career at Hydro-Québec, as hydrometrorologist in charge of the hydrometeorological data validation and hydrological forecasting group. Since the creation of Ouranos in 2001, Mr. Roy coordinated Hydro-Québec actions at the consortium and he has been in charge of the Climatology Project at Hydro-Québec Research Institute (IREQ). He maintains close scientific research collaborations with academic communities, thanks to his position of Adjunct Professor at the “Université du Québec” at Montréal and at INRS-ETE.
Jean Albergel, research director of the IRD within UMR LISAH, specialist in hydrology of cultivated environments, and former representative of the Institute for East Africa (2006-2012) and for the Southern Africa (2013-2017). He has been appointed Special Adviser to the President and Chief Executive Officer in support for the implementation of the United Nations Global Quadrennial Assessment Report on Sustainable Development Goals (Global Sustainable Development Report 2019).
Davide Pettenella is a full professor at the University of Padova (Italy) where he is teaching Forest economics. He has published more than 400 papers as a result of his research activities and field works carried out within programs financed by the European Commission, FAO, European Forestry Institute, World Bank, and by Italian national and regional institutions. Mr. Pettenella has been involved in research projects in the IIASA Wood Supply Model for Italy (Environment Program), in two Concerted Actions financed by EC FAIR Program ('Consequences of structural changes in roundwood and forest markets in Europe' and 'End-use and substitution analysis for sawn timber and wood based panels: implication for European Forestry') and in the EC STD3 Program ('Sustainable development of the ecosystems of the coastal hill of Peru').
Persons wishing to participate to this conference are invited to submit an abstract of one page to the secretariat of the conference (email@example.com) or via the form below taking into account the model published on the website (DOWNLOAD THE ABSTRACT MODEL) . The abstract must conform the following layout:
- Research title,
- Names followed by the abbreviations of first names of the authors,
- Affiliations of the authors,
- Email address of the corresponding author. A manuscript which includes a paragraph on the context, the problematic and the research objective (research question), a paragraph on the study area, a paragraph on methodology, two paragraphs on results, and lastly a paragraph on key discussion elements, conclusion and keywords.
For registration (DOWNLOAD THE FORM)
Special issue in:
- Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires;
- Photo Interprétation European Journal of Applied Remote Sensing.
Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II
Phone: + 212 6 74 17 32 37
The conference "Vulnerability of the Mediterranean soils to water erosion: State of knowledge and adaptation strategies in the face of global change" will be held on 20 - 21 November 2018 in Morocco, Hassan II Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine, campus of Rabat. For any information about the accommodation please contact : JCI Tours
Avenue El Mansour Eddahbi, Résidence El Habib N°65
4ème Étage N° 34, Guéliz, Marrakech
Site web : http://www.jcitours.com
Phone : +212 524 43 48 48
Fax : +212 524 43 49 49
Cellphone : +212 661 13 20 34
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
For general information about our conference please contact:
Prof. Mohamed CHIKHAOUI (Chairperson)
Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, Madinat Al Irfane, Rabat, Morocco
Cellphone: + 212 6 74 17 32 37